Research Advises

Ph.D. In India

Doing PhD and how to make best out of it, is still an unexplored topic on blogosphire. Doing phd in india is almost never discussed anywhere except one or two pages by some IIT professors. Here I take the initiative to write everything about PhD, especially in engineering domain. I am highly positive that you will find all the articles very helpful, useful and motivating.

Before I start diving into a series of posts I would like to say few things about me. If you read the about me page on that blog you will find that I did my PhD from IIT Roorkee. I was student at Electronics and Computer Engineering Dept. Just to keep it brief, I finished PhD in 2yr 11 months’ time, and was awarded IBM Best PhD Student award in 2006. I was also a recipient of National Doctoral Fellowship. I am not a professor or lecturer. I work for one best and leading companies in consumer electronics.

Here is a famous myth about phd students.

If you are here let me tell you at least in my case the above statement is completely wrong. I consider my PhD time as one of the blessed times of my life, where I did everything, right from computer science studies to religious studies, Handling B.Tech labs to Contesting elections, organizing conferences to organizing tours. I did almost everything that is possible for studious guy to a back bencher. But best part is I managed to get out even before my seniors did.
In coming days I would write about PhD under the following heads.

PhD Admission Guide
Dos and Don’ts Of PhD
Post PhD Guide

I will be writing posts randomly under these topics based on the mindset I have. I already made some 45 topics to make it a complete guide for someone looking for PhD as a next coolest stuff to do. If you are just looking for a degree called PhD, you will not enjoy reading it. On the same time, if you are looking for a punch that makes your journey a lovely challenge that you cherish rest of your life, then you will definitely enjoy every bit of it.

If you have some questions or suggestions, please don’t forget to drop a comment, so that I can answer your queries through a post. If the comment is very specific question then I would answer it in comments too. Also please make use of I n I question answers for more interactive discussion from other PhD students.

At the end, I would suggest you to like I n I on facebook and subscribe it for updates about PhD, engineering and other related topics.

Wish you all a great luck ahead.


  1. Rehan

    What is the selection procedure of iit roorkee for phd in computer science, how many students apply there and how to prepare for phd written test and interview and from where to study? Please help.

  2. Shweta Goyal

    I am a graduate in B.E(Electronics and communication) and having 11 years of job experience in IT industry .
    I have also done some certifications in Project management .
    I want to pursue for PHD Degree from India .
    Can anyone let me know is it mandatory to complete masters first before PHD in India.
    And also is it mandatory to have NET exam scorecard for PHD in India .
    I heard from some of my friends that a bachelors degree graduate having 10 plus years of experience can enroll directly for PHD .Is this true?
    Please reply.

  3. Ankit Malik

    Respected Sir,
    I have completed my BTech with specialization in Mechanical and automation in year 2014 after that i have a nearly 1 year work experience. In 2016 in decided to give GATE 2017 and by the grace of the Lord I am getting 72.67 out of 100 and i have checked in various GATE score predictor that my score will be around 780 I am from General category. I am interested in getting admissions in PhD in IITs. I have already read all your post about PhD. I am still having some doubts about it please clarify it.
    1.) Which degree IIT will give after doing PhD directly after Btech i.e. PhD degree or both Metch + PhD degree?
    2.) If one directly gets into PhD just after Btech is that like without doing separate MTech it is difficult to understand thesis?
    3.) What about AICTE norms required for Asst. Prof and Asso. Prof as it requires MTech as well as PhD?
    4.) What will be the curriculum of the 5 year PhD program? Is it covering subjects of MTech also in it?
    I will be very pleased to get your reply as soon as possible.
    Yours Sincerely,
    Ankit Malik
    [email protected]

  4. .Uma G.A

    I am working as high school teacher in an aided institution can I do PhD .
    Plz help me out.

  5. Surya Teja

    I have completed M.Tech in Chemical Engineering. Am I eligible to get an admission into PhD in Economics?

  6. Aravind Setti

    I am Aravind ,i am studying Bsc -BZC final year. how can i get through Integrated Ph.D after my graduation.kindly inform me what exams i have to face to get into it and also what subjects i must get learned.what is the best university for Ph.D?please inform total information about Ph.D.

  7. Nishtha

    Hi, sir I have been selected in iiit Delhi for PhD program. I am very much interested in doing research and teaching. So sir kindly guide me is it my right choice to go for PhD or to go for psu’s??

  8. Minthang khongsai

    It’s my privilege to collect an excellent guidance from you regarding PhD. Subsequently at present I am doing B.A under Assam university, silchar without honour subject eventually sir, right after completing my B.A, can I proceed towards PhD without continuing other courses.

  9. Minthang khongsai

    It’s my privilege to collect a good guidance from you regarding PhD. Subsequently at present, I am doing B.A under silchar university and after completing my course, can i directly go for PhD?

  10. Rashad

    Dear All,

    If anyone know about the distance Phd program of any university in India please let me know. I have completed my MBA in International Business and would like to do Phd in International Management or International Business.

    Please send me email if anyone gives Part time or distance Phd. Im working abroad and can available for submissions and presentations.

    Rashad Rahiman
    [email protected]

  11. Kausik Dash

    i need to phd course ,but i don’t know how to apply ,and how to start my job ,please help me. my domen is CSE ( computer Graphics)

  12. Yash

    Please tell me all about obtaining a PhD from IIT JEE to the end.

  13. divya koram

    hello sir,
    i need information about Ph.d. As i’m doing my now, after this i want to do phd in my sub though GATE.

  14. arun kumar

    I’m doing my integrated course in mechanical. I want to do PhD further. wt is the time period to do it and how much it is valuable after my integrated course ?

  15. riya

    hai…now iam completing computer science i like to do ph.d but i don’t no what’s procedure?what are the exams are help to do ph.d?

  16. Bhoopal

    hi Sir,

    Please help me how to apply PH .D..need process

  17. hvac jobs in houston

    The Agency of Labor Data jobs that the A/C area will certainly experience growth of 34 % throughout the years from

  18. pooja

    Sir, I really need to know what I should after BE. I want to get my PhD in electronics and telecommunications but I have no idea how. I am in second year still and it’s a long way to go yet but I would like know what am I to do. What steps do you suggest I take? Oh please do tell.

  19. Amit Kumar Verma

    Dear sir, I am doing M.Tech from NIT Meghalaya in Computer Science. After M.Tech i want to do PhD from IITs. Is it possible to get into IIT for PhD? and how should i prepare for it.

    Thank You

  20. sharique

    Sir What is the Process After M.C.A to complete Phd.

    1. Zahid

      Please refer to InIs MS and PhD blog for more updates.

  21. rachna

    The PHD or both are the important course to study. your thesis in has a important role to increase your practically knowledge so, you should always keep your focus on thesis. thesis in jaipur

  22. Mohd Naved

    I want to know if somebody has done his bachelor’s and master’s through distance education but is able to qualify net will he find any obstacles in getting admission in phd or will easily get admission in phd. Please answer my question. I also want to know what is the maximum and minimum limit for completion of phd.

  23. timsy

    I have cleared net exam of dec 2013 from labour laws now I wanna pursue phd my preference is to stay in delhi only.what all are the options.

  24. Prathipati Sudhakar

    Good morning sir… I am the student of VLSIdesign I want to do PhD in my branch, so please tell procedure and good universityes………

  25. Savitha Sivadas

    I have completed MSc in IT .Currently I am working on an IT firm for the last 5 years ..I wish to do phd in ComputerScience .What all are the steps I need to complete for that

  26. kavita

    heloo sir…. i m kavita doing mtech (wireless communication and sensor networking) sir i m vry confused for my carrier i dont wanna to do teaching ,i realy dont know wht is mean of engineer ?.i jst wanna to do job in gov or pvt sector but in my interests n my interests in communication n wanna to do somthng in that field n wanna to understand more n more n elaborate my knowledge i realy dont know wht step i can take like phd or job n how plzz guide me i m vry confused 🙁

  27. Nutan

    Hi This is Nutan.I have completed M.SC. Computer Science and want to do PhD in English Literature or Computer Science.Is it possible??Should I prefer distance learning program to do PhD..which university is best??

  28. sravani

    I am pursuing my ME from Osmania University and am planning to do Phd next year 2014. I am very passionate about teaching and want to give my best. I enquired some of the colleges about the salary after Mtech…but the shocking news is they pay only 10,000Rs per month. So, I took a step to go for Phd and can you please suggest me how will be the life after completion of Phd in IIT’s ie in Electronics & Communication Eng. plz do reply. Thanks in advance

  29. vikas chandra

    can anyone suggest me the scope after doing direct phd from IITM in area of wireless communication?

  30. Himanshu

    Is it possible to do Phd after doing If yes, how can we do it ? Thanks in advance.


      YES. Is it possible to do your PHD after completing But for this you will have to cracked the GATE. You get admission in integrated PHD takes 5 years time approx.


    suggest me the ways to do phd after

    1. Ajay Bhardwaj

      hey Vanaras, U have to fill the forms of Different IITs and NITs,
      and then u have to go for written test and Interview. Every IIT has different procedure for admission. I can suggest few of them like IIT Delhi, for Electronics they take a conventional exam and mostly they ask questions about Math, signal and system and some of Random Process and variables.
      And in Gandhinagar pattern is different like they take 2 test one is of ur field and another is of comman test asking simple electronics questions ( most important thing about IIT gandhinagar is stipend 28K) but they have a very good level of interview)
      In IIT Patna they are also having written test about your field then they have a interview round.
      In IIT indore they have written test consist of mainly signal system questions followed by an interview round.
      But in IIT kanpur they are having only interview round.
      and one important thing about all IITs ask about ur M.TECH thesis and it doesn’t matter from which college u are.

  32. selvi

    This is selvi , I wish to do PHD in computer science .

    my guide suggested some topics , like


    can u guide me which topic is good sir .

    My area of specillization is Database , operating system and computer networks

    sir , can u tell me any other best topic which should be good in future .

    Thanks and regards


  33. sachin verma

    sir, pls let me know which university is best, cheap and provifding helps ( 😉 ) in study of Phd

    Pls let me know, i cleared my MBA(It) with 85% Marks, but i bored now studies, but i want to go for Phd in engineering , my background in mechanical.

    Pls let me know

  34. Vikram


    I finished my MTech, I want to do PhD. Please Guide me as how can i start Phd?

    I’m ready to do full time phd.

    How to start?

  35. sanjay tiwari

    Hi Sir,

    My query is regarding PhD in computer science from some good university but the problem i am facing is that of guide.I have few queries and would be glad if you can answer few of them:
    1)I have Mtech(2010 passout) in Electronics,can i do PhD in Computer science
    2)Phd from Private university is good or i should try from Gov recognized university(State university)


    Sanjay Tiwari

  36. zaheer

    For joining phd you should have good academic background in academics and good command on basics of UG n PG. refer for university/ institutes (IIsc,iits, etc) notification and apply . if your % is gud then they will call u for written test (depends)/ interview . If you prove yourself then you r in …

  37. pavan

    How about doing PhD from VIT, Vellore? It is a deemed university but has good name. What do you suggest?

  38. Srishti

    I would like to know can Phd be done in make up or beauty
    If yes,from where

  39. SUNIL

    HI SIR ,
    I was finished my Graduation in EEE, Now i’m moving towards M.Tech. I had interest to do Ph.d can you give me the information about it’s procedure (after completion of M.Tech What can i need to do to get in Ph.d)

  40. monica

    I am a student doing M.Tech in wireless and mobile communications. I am very much interested in doing Ph.d
    but i don’t know how to get in for Ph.d . is it possible to do lecturership and Ph.d together if yes then please guide me ?

  41. Md shamim shah

    How about doing P.hd from I.S.M Dhanbad? Also tell
    me about importance of regular & part time phd degree.

  42. Rajkumar

    Hai, Im doing my M.Tech Database Systems Final year…I am very much interested in doing PhD, but i don’t know how to get in for PhD.Tell me some guides and instructions from initial… This may help me for fulfill my wishes..

  43. Lavanya

    i have completed my hons in mathematics from DU and masters in maths from LU. really wish to do phd, become a lecturer but for some reason i am just not able to concentrate or clear any of the entrance examination. i dont know what should i do next

    1. Rajkumar

      In TN, as from my knowledge there are many best institutions for doing PhD in Mathematics… You plz refer fully regarding about that institutions..

    2. zaheer

      hey lavanya you should have atleast 55% marks in your pg to join phd. yeah raj kumar is right there are many good universities here in tn.

  44. Rashid

    hi there, could you please tell me about the A 2 Z procedure of getting Phd in English Literature. thank you

  45. Satpal Singh

    I am doing PhD (Computer Science) from CMJ University in Delhi. I needed a PhD Guide to do the PhD Degree. Is any guide available.

  46. Kaustav

    I am a ph.d CSE aspirant. I would like to know the exact details regarding ph.d in india i.e. life of a ph.d student starting from the 1st day as a ph.d student, what work has to be done, how to achieve success, everything. In a nutshell, I want a ph.d student to share his/her experiences in grad school.
    I would also like to know names of some institutes other than the top ones (as discussed in Zaid sir’s topic) for doing ph.d.

  47. Sushant

    Hi Zaid,
    it’s about time you addressed the issue.

    Yeah I am focused on higher studies, but I occasionally look for advises & honestly a path to higher studies has now become what people called pilgrimage in older days. Mostly I got responses like “so you want to do mtech / phd when you will start earning” or you want to become a lowly teacher and a million other stereotypes.
    Well actually I want to go into research and it’s the standard way. I have few question of my own it would be so kind of you if you can answer them for me.
    1. Do PhD from different institutes hold different weight-age ? like is the PhD from MANIT, Bhopal holds less water then the one from some IIT or IIIT?
    2. can some one pull off a Research career without locating somewhere else, I have my investments, family in my city and I would like to stay here where my roots are, But I dont mind frequent traveling.

    I need your expert opinion. hope you will answer.

    God Bless

  48. rani

    hi i have done my masters in healthcare froms leeds metropolitan uni. Now i want to do phd in healthcare. I want to know that is there any scope of getting job in India after doing phd in healthcare. Pls reply.

  49. sowmya

    those are very inspiring words sir…
    i’m a 4th yr cse JNTU hyderabad student.. mine is a dual degree course( +
    i’m really interested to go for phd.. but i dont know how to get into it…
    and also i’m interested in the field of algorithms.. so can u please guide me sir????

    1. uoiooj


  50. praveen pawar

    sir, i’m MTech final year student. I want to do Phd, if i will go for private not regular is there any drawback please suggest me so that i can take right decision at this time.

    1. viswanath

      no problem, fulltime/ part time after getting the degree both are equal. but the part time phd takes more time, some times it may take more than seven years.

  51. waheed

    Any university offers Ph.D. within 6 to 12 months? accredation is no problem.

  52. bahae

    dear all

    iam moroccan living in UAE i would like to get a PHD from india therefore all the information ( universities ,coast ,duration , conditions )you can provide will be highly appreciate

    kind regards


  53. uzumaki

    sir i have finished BDS and then finished MDS in Oral Pathology from the best college in India and now i wanna do phD but i dont know how to start for getting admission in phD university and i dont even know the scope after phD please Guide. thank you.

  54. Ajay

    I am a student doing M.Tech in cryptography. i m very much interested in doing Ph.d
    but i don’t know how to get in for Ph.d . is it possible to do lecturership and Ph.d together if yes then please guide me ?

  55. SAMIR


  56. lachit

    its just awesome, we need such inspiration and motivation… thank you sir

  57. amit

    part time phd is better or full time phd for career growth i am confused plzzzz help

  58. sudheer

    thanx alot sir for giving valuable information and inspiring the young guys for further education.
    first of all ” EID MUBARAK SIR”
    please diffrentiate between “doing PHD in iits” vs “abroad in some 2nd or 3rd tier universities probably ranking below IITs”
    as am looking fwd for abroad but my mtech resume may not put me in 1st tier univs abroad fr PHD

  59. Fireball

    I was glad to read ur post.. Im currently pursing my MTech degree n Im disgusted with the mindset many ple have that MTech degree is only for d teachin field! Glad der r ple out der lik u who hav a passion for wat u r doin, 4 ur studies, n for research most importantly.
    I have heard that work experience makes a big difference and helps one understand the field dey want to pursue for higher studies. Is it true even for PhD?

  60. Yogesh

    Sir, thanks for the post.

    I heard like IIT’s are taking minimum 4 to 5 years nowadays for giving a Phd & IISC minimum 7 years. Can you tell how much fact is there in this.

  61. Avnish

    Sir….. I want to asked a question regarding P.hd. i had complete my in 2009 in Computer stream. and now i just take direct admission in in HCTM kaithal affiliated to KUK university. PLEASE SUGGEST ME A BEST WAY HOW I CAN PREPARE FOR TAKE ADMISSION IN P.HD. ITS NECESSARY TO QUALIFY THE GATE EXM FOR P.HD…

  62. Shailendra Singh

    Hello Sir,
    I’m very thankful to you for focusing and providing your guidance and advice on the area of PhD…
    I’ve just entered 3rd semester of…and this post of yours came exactly at the time when i’m thinking about doing PhD and so need honest and reliable guidance to take any decision for my future…Thanks again 🙂
    I’m desperate to read more about PhD in upcoming posts ..

    Well my area of specialization is Nanotechnology, and as we all have heard about the future of nanotechnology,and now many students are opting it…I would request you to find some time to collect and analyze statistics and post some valuable and helpful information/opinion regarding “Scope of Nanotechnology” in and outside India after…
    Shailendra Singh

  63. Nikhil

    I recently completed my in power electronics and wan to go for phd. I got a job in a power electronics design firm, so I thought I will gain work experience for some 1 year and try good universities for phd. Is it a right decision?

  64. Akash

    Your efforts for guiding students can not be appreciated in words..keep it up sir ji. I just completed and going to join a big firm in india soon. In second year mtech i almost decided to not to go for phd at any cost…at the time of completing I thought of doing a part time phd..And now i m thinking that I can go for full time also…So what about part time it possible in every colleges..or full time is better..

  65. Halale

    I’m just proud to know this guy !
    u’re rocking Mr. Zahid !

  66. sachin gupta

    Thanx u so much for giving greatful knowledge. Nd pls suggest me abt institutes r better for m’tech .ndwhich subject i should choose.

  67. Jatin

    That would be really a great help for everyone!! Go for it and Thanks in Advance…

  68. kuldeep

    hello sir,
    thanks for such valuable information about phd in your article.
    im waiting in coming days to your article about phd admission guide.

  69. mohd shahjad

    Dear sir assalamualekum
    after entrance exam , almost all university require PHD research topic and synopsis.general person can not prepare that. please guide how prepare phd synopsis.

  70. bhargav

    I am doing now M.Tech in E&C and can you suggest why we should do PH.D.????
    How it is beneficial to our career growth and how we can choose best college in Ph.D.

  71. Ghungroo Sharma

    I am pursuing my M.Tech and am really really confused about doing PhD in India or Abroad. Can you please shed some light on this?

  72. Rajdeep Dhar

    thanks a lot for the post……inspiring indeed… and what is the procedure of applying & pursuing Ph.D in IISc Bangalore & IITs ? what is the eligibility criteria & selection procedure for doing Ph.D in IISc Bangalore & IITs ? I am very much interested to know about Ph.D…..I wish to go for Ph.D & work in a core electronics field.

  73. subha kanta swain

    Nice idea sir,,,,,,,,i am extremely happy bcoz i am a great fan of u,,,,,,,i eagerly waiting for ur phd postings bcoz i am doing Mtech now

  74. Rohit

    Thanks Zahid for your commitment towards writing the posts on higher education in India.Till these days you were emphasizing mostly on MTech.It’s wonderful that you are thinking beyond and started to write about Ph.D because, for people who have done BE/BTech in some not-so-famous engineering colleges, dreaming of studying Mtech in IITs should be informed of the prospects of going for PhD as well.I always believe that India can move forward from it’s current state with the image of the “back-office” of the world to the “front-office” of the world only when it nurtures good research capabilities among its students and this is possible through people passing out of PhD.It also offers an exciting career of which yours is a bright example. I hope that you write on various things on this topic like “Opportunities after PhD”, “PhD in India v/s outside India”,”Should one know before-hand of the PhD topics to choose” etc.I appreciate your efforts whole-heartedly….

  75. sumeet kulkarni

    It will be better if you specify what are the openings for students post Phd other than to join teaching or research!!!That is what most of people have ambiguity in!!
    -sumeet kulkarni Bombay)

  76. deepankar

    sir,Truely your website is one of the best career(engineering) related website. THANKS for this initiative

  77. gargi

    can anybody tell me that whether gate is necessary for phd also???i am doing mtech in vlsi design through gate 2012 bt my score is not very good…plz tel me…1)whether a vry high gate score is needed for phd 2)can i give gate again 3)what type of questions do come in the interviews 4)is there any aptitute paper…kindly sir reply …:) i have no idea at all….

  78. Mahesh

    I am studying Mtech in IIT guwahati now in 3rd semester. I do want to do Phd but I have a small confusion regarding this. If I continue phd here itself I need not have to take course work again which mean 1 year can be saved. Is it better for me to continue Phd here or Should I apply in other good institutes than IIT Guwahati

  79. ANZAL.A.S

    OMG…!! What a co-incidence..!! I was about to request to you to give us some directions about the PhD programs. I am entering into the 2nd year of my M.Tech and I really look forward to some research areas. Thank you very much for this thought. I’m pretty sure that it will be very helpful for many of us….

  80. Varun

    Thanks for your sincere efforts, and keep ’em post coming.

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