Yesterday I received an interesting request from a regular reader. The request was for information about AICTE recognition and NBA accreditation, as the question was very interesting and I think the answer would help many others too. Hope this post will answer his question and also give an idea about these two organizations.
First let me start with the abbreviation of these terms AICTE and NBA. AICTE stands for All India Council for Technical Education and NBA stands for National Board of Accreditation. NBA was established by AICTE for periodic evaluations of technical institutions & programmes basis according to specified norms and standards as recommended by AICTE council.
AICTE was established on 1945 to plan and control technical education in India. As the time passed the council grown big spanning over different department, such as UG Studies in Eng. & Tech., PG and Research in Eng. and Tech., Management Studies, Vocational Education, Technical Education, Pharmaceutical Education, Architecture, Hotel Management and Catering Technology, Information Technology, Town and Country Planning. To organize, plan and functioning of these departments AICTE developed nine bureaus. Over all its shows that the organization grown very big spanning over several departments and offices all over the nation.
The simple and most important thing for a common student to know about AICTE is that it is the only organization that approves an engineering college all over the nation. If a college is not approved by AICTE their engineering degrees are not valid at least in India.
AICTE recognition mean before an engineering college start taking approval from state govt. and state technical university they should fulfill basic requirements for starting an engineering college. AICTE check those minimum conditions at the beginning and gives its approval. Once a college gets an approval from AICTE they can associate themselves with the state technological university for start taking students for Engineering studies.
As AICTE grown big in years, it became highly difficult to have a constant check on the quality of education in approved colleges and on the same time assesse the new application for starting engineering colleges. To deal with AICTE established an autonomous body known as NBA to have periodic evaluations of Engineering Colleges & courses according to specified norms and standards as recommended by AICTE. It has the full authority to recognize or derecognize institutions and programmes under them.
In 2009 AICTE and UGC official were raided by CBI under corruption charges after that Union Minister of Education formally communicated his intentions of closing down AICTE and related body, the University Grants Commission due to corruption and inefficiency. The Minister also announced that National Board of Accreditation (NBA) would be set up as an independent body and would take over the AICTE’s responsibilities.