GATE Syllabus

GATE 2025 Food Technology Syllabus (XL-U)

GATE 2025 Food Technology Syllabus (XL-U) details the latest GATE syllabus for the subject released by the official gate organizing institute IIT Roorkee 2025. We also created an easy-to-use ad-free mobile app for the GATE syllabus, previous year papers with keys, gate calculator, virtual calculator, and more. Download iStudy App for all GATE preparation needs.

You will also find IIT GATE college predictor, NIT GATE college predictor, GATE score calculator, and GATE Exam Info & Stats useful during GATE preparation. Without further due let’s jump into the GATE syllabus for Food Technology.

GATE 2025 Food Technology Syllabus (XL-U)

Section 1: Food Chemistry and Nutrition

structure and functional properties of mono-, oligo-, & poly- saccharides including starch, cellulose, pectic substances and dietary fibre, gelatinization and retrogradation of starch. Proteins: classification and structure of proteins in food, biochemical changes in post mortem and tenderization of muscles. Lipids: classification and structure of lipids, rancidity, polymerization and polymorphism. Pigments: carotenoids, chlorophylls, anthocyanins, tannins and myoglobin. Food flavours: terpenes, esters, aldehydes, ketones and quinines. Enzymes: specificity, simple and inhibition kinetics, coenzymes, enzymatic and non- enzymatic browning. Nutrition: balanced diet, essential amino acids and essential fatty acids, protein efficiency ratio, water-soluble and fat soluble vitamins, role of minerals in nutrition, co-factors, anti-nutrients, nutraceuticals, nutrient deficiency diseases. Chemical and biochemical changes: changes occur in foods during different processing.

If you are preparing for GATE, download iStudy Mobile App for all GATE Syllabus, Previous Question Papers and Keys, preparation guide, Exam updates, Gate Virtual calculator, Gate Score calculator, and IITs & NITs cutoffs. It is a lightweight, easy to use, no images, and no ads platform to make students’ lives easier.
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Section 2: Food Microbiology

Characteristics of microorganisms
morphology of bacteria, yeast, mold and actinomycetes, spores and vegetative cells, gram-staining. Microbial growth: growth and death kinetics, serial dilution technique. Food spoilage: spoilage microorganisms in different food products including milk, fish, meat, egg, cereals and their products. Toxins from microbes: pathogens and non-pathogens including Staphylococcus, Salmonella, Shebelle, Escherichia, Bacillus, Clostridium, and Aspergillums genera. Fermented foods and beverages: curd, yoghurt, cheese, pickles, soya-sauce, sauerkraut, idly, dose, vinegar, alcoholic beverages and sausage.

Section 3: Food Products Technology

Processing principles
thermal processing, chilling, freezing, dehydration, addition of preservatives and food additives, irradiation, fermentation, hurdle technology, intermediate moisture foods. Food pack aging and storage: packaging materials, aseptic packaging, controlled and modified atmosphere storage. Cereal processing and products: milling of rice, wheat, and maize, parboiling of paddy, bread, biscuits, extruded products and ready to eat breakfast cereals. Oil processing: expelling, solvent extraction, refining and hydrogenation. Fruits and vegetables processing: extraction, clarification, concentration and packaging of fruit juice, jam, jelly, marmalade, squash, candies, tomato sauce, ketchup, and puree, potato chips, pickles. Plantation crops processing and products: tea, coffee, cocoa, spice, extraction of essential oils and oleoresins from spices. Milk and milk products processing: pasteurization and sterilization, cream, butter, ghee, ice- cream, cheese and milk powder. Processing of animal products: drying, canning, and freezing of fish and meat; production of egg powder. Waste utilization: pectin from fruit wastes, uses of by-products from rice milling. Food standards and quality maintenance: FPO, PFA, A-Mark, ISI, HACCP, food plant sanitation and cleaning in place (CIP).

Section 4: Food Engineering

Mass and energy balance
Momentum transfer: Flow rate and pressure drop relationships for Newtonian fluids flowing through pipe, Reynolds number. Heat transfer: heat transfer by conduction, convection, radiation, heat exchangers. Mass transfer: molecular diffusion and Flick’s law, conduction and convective mass transfer, permeability through single and multilayer films. Mechanical operations: size reduction of solids, high pressure homogenization, filtration, centrifugation, settling, sieving, mixing & agitation of liquid. Thermal operations: thermal sterilization, evaporation of liquid foods, hot air drying of solids, spray and freeze-drying, freezing and crystallization. Mass transfer operations: psychometric, humidification and dehumidification operations.

If you are preparing for GATE, download iStudy Mobile App for all GATE Syllabus, Previous Question Papers and Keys, preparation guide, Exam updates, Gate Virtual calculator, Gate Score calculator, and IITs & NITs cutoffs. It is a lightweight, easy to use, no images, and no ads platform to make students’ lives easier.
Get it on Google Play.

GENERAL APTITUDE (Common for all branches)

Verbal Aptitude

Basic English Grammar
Tenses, articles, adjectives, prepositions, conjunctions, verb-noun agreement, and other parts of speech

Basic Vocabulary
Words, idioms, and phrases in context

Reading and Comprehension

Narrative Sequencing

Quantitative Aptitude

Data Interpretation
Data graphs (bar graphs, pie charts, and other graphs representing data), 2- and 3-dimensional plots, maps, and tables

Numerical Computation and Estimation
Ratios, percentages, powers, exponents and logarithms, permutations and combinations, and series

Mensuration and Geometry

Elementary Statistics and Probability

Analytical Aptitude

Deduction and Induction


Numerical Relations and Reasoning

Spatial Aptitude

Transformation of Shapes
Translation, rotation, scaling, mirroring, assembling, and grouping

Paper folding, cutting, and patterns in 2 and 3 dimensions

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We wish you great luck with GATE preparations.


  1. Sanjana

    I want to join the food industry. Which GATE should I go for: biotech or food tech?


    I am 2nd year BTech Biotechnology student. I wish to do my higher studies in the field of food tech, should I prepare for GATE BIOTECHNOLOGY or GATE FOOD TECHNOLOGY

  3. Swetha Tony

    im doing my 3rd year in food processing..pls guide me for preparing gate exam

  4. shagun rana

    i am student of food tech. shall i have to give gate exam of biotechnology or the govt. coduct seperate exam of food technology? please reply

  5. sudheer kumar

    plz tell me information about gate food technology syllubus and materiols for food technolgy

  6. Priyanka Munj

    I’m doing my 2nd year in btech food technology plz guide me for preparations for gate…….

  7. manojrathod

    i want gate syllabus please send syllabus my emailid

  8. rathod manoj

    nice have a nice day

  9. sneha

    i hav pesuing msc in foodtechnology so plzzzzzzzzz tell me wat about this scope my contact no… is 9451684683

  10. Shilpi tripathi

    Sir m doing msc foodtec pls tel me how to prepare for gate and syllubus for gate

  11. asha

    i hd done in food science want to prepare for gate plz guide me i really need help ….

  12. nikita

    please tell me the difference between food technology (XE) and food technology (XM).

  13. SURBHI

    can a agriculture engineering student persue M-Tech in food processing?

  14. divya

    i’m doing my 2nd yr in food technology… i ned to know the colleges in tamilnadu which are offering M.TECH for food tech through GATE exam

  15. sanket gujrathi

    thanks a lot from my bottom of heart ha!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  16. sukeerthi

    im doing btech 3year food technology.plz gve me info regarding gate syllabus and also the future there after……thnq

  17. prakash

    Thank u alage print out room ki tisukura



  19. lilly prasanna.

    i am doing 3rd year in in food process engineering ,so i want some relavant details about the syllabus for GATE exam

  20. anu

    plz tel me dat i can do in food tech aftr doing in bio tech??????

  21. satyam anand

    myself student, 2nd yr DAIRY TECH & i want to qualify GATE by food tech .
    kindly give me some guidance & tell me further scope in this field…………………

    1. swarn

      wat type of help do u want dear… kar batata hun

  22. swapnil mondal

    it helped me a lot

  23. manasi yadav


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