GATE Syllabus

# GATE 2025 Syllabus – CE: Civil Engineering

GATE 2025 syllabus – Civil Engineering (CE) gives you details of the latest GATE syllabus for the subject release by the official gate organizing institute IIT Roorkee for the year 2025. We also created an easy-to-use ad-free mobile app for the GATE syllabus, previous year papers with keys, gate calculator, virtual calculator, and more. Download iStudy App for all GATE preparation needs.

You will also find IIT GATE college predictor, NIT GATE college predictor, GATE score calculator, and GATE Exam Info & Stats useful during GATE preparation. Without further due let’s jump into the GATE syllabus for Civil Engineering.

## GATE 2025 syllabus – Civil Engineering (CE)

#### Section 1: Engineering Mathematics

Linear Algebra
Matrix algebra; Systems of linear equations; Eigen values and Eigen vectors.

Calculus
Functions of single variable; Limit, continuity and differentiability; Mean value theorems, local maxima and minima; Taylor series; Evaluation of definite and indefinite integrals, application of definite integral to obtain area and volume; Partial derivatives; Total derivative; Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities; Directional derivatives; Line, Surface and Volume integrals.

Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE)
First order (linear and non-linear) equations; higher order linear equations with constant coefficients; Euler-Cauchy equations; initial and boundary value problems.

Partial Differential Equation (PDE)
Fourier series; separation of variables; solutions of one- dimensional diffusion equation; first and second order one-dimensional wave equation and two-dimensional Laplace equation.

Probability and Statistics
Sampling theorems; Conditional probability; Descriptive statistics – Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; Random Variables – Discrete and Continuous, Poisson and Normal Distribution; Linear regression.

Numerical Methods
Error analysis. Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations; Newton’s and Lagrange polynomials; numerical differentiation; Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule; Single and multi-step methods for first order differential equations.

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#### Section 2: Structural Engineering

Engineering Mechanics
System of forces, free-body diagrams, equilibrium equations; Internal forces in structures; Frictions and its applications; Centre of mass; Free Vibrations of undamped SDOF system.

Solid Mechanics
Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams; Simple stress and strain relationships; Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, shear centre; Uniform torsion, Transformation of stress; buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses.

Structural Analysis
Statically determinate and indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods; Method of superposition; Analysis of trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames; Displacement methods: Slope deflection and moment distribution methods; Influence lines; Stiffness and flexibility methods of structural analysis.

Construction Materials and Management
Construction Materials: Structural Steel – Composition, material properties and behaviour; Concrete – Constituents, mix design, short-term and long-term properties. Construction Management: Types of construction projects; Project planning and network analysis – PERT and CPM; Cost estimation.

Concrete Structures
Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of beams, slabs, columns; Bond and development length; Prestressed concrete beams.

Steel Structures
Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of tension and compression members, beams and beam- columns, column bases; Connections – simple and eccentric, beam-column connections, plate girders and trusses; Concept of plastic analysis – beams and frames.

#### Section 3: Geotechnical Engineering

Soil Mechanics
Three-phase system and phase relationships, index properties; Unified and Indian standard soil classification system; Permeability – one dimensional flow, Seepage through soils – two – dimensional flow, flow nets, uplift pressure, piping, capillarity, seepage force; Principle of effective stress and quicksand condition; Compaction of soils; One- dimensional consolidation, time rate of consolidation; Shear Strength, Mohr’s circle, effective and total shear strength parameters, Stress-Strain characteristics of clays and sand; Stress paths.

Foundation Engineering
Sub-surface investigations – Drilling bore holes, sampling, plate load test, standard penetration and cone penetration tests; Earth pressure theories – Rankine and Coulomb; Stability of slopes -Finite and infinite slopes, Bishop’s method; Stress distribution in soils – Boussinesq’s theory; Pressure bulbs, Shallow foundations – Terzaghi’s and Meyerhoff’s bearing capacity theories, effect of water table; Combined footing and raft foundation; Contact pressure; Settlement analysis in sands and clays; Deep foundations -dynamic and static formulae, Axial load capacity of piles in sands and clays, pile load test, pile under lateral loading, pile group efficiency, negative skin friction.

#### Section 4: Water Resources Engineering

Fluid Mechanics
Properties of fluids, fluid statics; Continuity, momentum and energy equations and their applications; Potential flow, Laminar and turbulent flow; Flow in pipes, pipe networks; Concept of boundary layer and its growth; Concept of lift and drag.

Hydraulics
Forces on immersed bodies; Flow measurement in channels and pipes; Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude; Channel Hydraulics – Energy-depth relationships, specific energy, critical flow, hydraulic jump, uniform flow, gradually varied flow and water surface profiles.

Hydrology
Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapo-transpiration, watershed, infiltration, unit hydrographs, hydrograph analysis, reservoir capacity, flood estimation and routing, surface run-off models, ground water hydrology – steady state well hydraulics and aquifers; Application of Darcy’s Law.

Irrigation
Types of irrigation systems and methods; Crop water requirements – Duty, delta, evapo-transpiration; Gravity Dams and Spillways; Lined and unlined canals, Design of weirs on permeable foundation; cross drainage structures.

#### Section 5: Environmental Engineering

Water and Waste Water Quality and Treatment
Basics of water quality standards – Physical, chemical and biological parameters; Water quality index; Unit processes and operations; Water requirement; Water distribution system; Drinking water treatment.Sewerage system design, quantity of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment. Effluent discharge standards, Sludge disposal, Reuse of treated sewage for different applications.

Air Pollution
Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution control, air quality standards, Air quality Index and limits.

Municipal Solid Wastes
Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal).

#### Section 6: Transportation Engineering

Transportation Infrastructure
Geometric design of highways – cross-sectional elements, sight distances, horizontal and vertical alignments. Geometric design of railway Track – Speed and Cant.Concept of airport runway length, calculations and corrections, taxiway and exit taxiway design.

Highway Pavements
Highway materials – desirable properties and tests; Desirable properties of bituminous paving mixes; Design factors for flexible and rigid pavements; Design of flexible and rigid pavement using IRC codes.

Traffic Engineering
Traffic studies on flow and speed, peak hour factor, accident study, statistical analysis of traffic data; Microscopic and macroscopic parameters of traffic flow, fundamental relationships; Traffic signs; Signal design by Webster’s method; Types of intersections; Highway capacity.

#### Section 7: Geomatics Engineering

Principles of surveying
Errors and their adjustment; Maps – scale, coordinate system; Distance and angle measurement – Levelling and trigonometric levelling; Traversing and triangulation survey; Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves. Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing – Scale, flying height, Basics of remote sensing and GIS.

If you are preparing for GATE, download iStudy Mobile App for all GATE Syllabus, Previous Question Papers and Keys, preparation guide, Exam updates, Gate Virtual calculator, Gate Score calculator, and IITs & NITs cutoffs. It is a lightweight, easy to use, no images, and no ads platform to make students’ lives easier.
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#### GENERAL APTITUDE (Common for all branches)

Verbal Aptitude

Basic English Grammar
Tenses, articles, adjectives, prepositions, conjunctions, verb-noun agreement, and other parts of speech

Basic Vocabulary
Words, idioms, and phrases in context

Narrative Sequencing

Quantitative Aptitude

Data Interpretation
Data graphs (bar graphs, pie charts, and other graphs representing data), 2- and 3-dimensional plots, maps, and tables

Numerical Computation and Estimation
Ratios, percentages, powers, exponents and logarithms, permutations and combinations, and series

Mensuration and Geometry

Elementary Statistics and Probability

Analytical Aptitude

Logic
Deduction and Induction

Analogy

Numerical Relations and Reasoning

Spatial Aptitude

Transformation of Shapes
Translation, rotation, scaling, mirroring, assembling, and grouping

Paper folding, cutting, and patterns in 2 and 3 dimensions

InI India has tons of information for M.Tech Admissions in IITs, NITs, IIITs, and other state-level institutes. Do benefit from the content and also share it with your friends. If you want to discuss things with friends do check our communities, All Q&A about GATE Preparation and M.Tech Admissions.

We wish you great luck with GATE preparations.

1. Mihir

Hi friends!
Here is a list of some important study material useful for GATE Civil engineering preparation:

*Engineering Mathematics: Engineering Mathematics for GATE by Abhinav Goel, Suraj Singh Arihant publication; Gateforum; Made easy; standard books on Engineering Mathematics
*Strength of Materials: Beer and Johnson; BC Punmia; RS Khurmi; SB Junnarkar; Bhavikatti; RC Hibbeler; RK Bansal; Ramamrutham
*Structural analysis: RC Hibbeler; CS Reddy; Bhavikatti; Negi and Jangid; Gupta and Pandit; BC Punmia; RS Khurmi; Ramamrutham; SB Junnarkar
*Steel Structures: IS Codes 800:2007, 875, etc; books N Subramanya; SK Duggal; VL Shah
*Concrete structures: IS Codes 456, 875,etc; books: BC Punmia; AK Jain; other standard books
*Geotechnical Engineering: BC Punmia; KR Arora; Terzaghi; BM Das; SK Garg
*Fluid Mechanics and machines: RK Bansal; AK Jain
*Hydraulics: Subramanya; Ranga Raju; VT Chow
*Hydrology: Subramanya; SK Garg; VT Chow
*Irrigation: SK Garg; PN Modi; VB Priyani
*Environmental Engineering: BC Punmia; TJ McGhee, EW Steel; Central Govt mannuals
*Transportation Engineering: Khanna and Justo; Rangwala; Khadiyali; Vazirani and Chandola
*Surveying: BC Punmia; KR Arora; Kulkarni
*Solved papers: Ajay Kumar Arihant publication; Made easy; GK publication
*Some other useful material and test papers: Arihant publication; Gateforum; Ace academy; Made easy; GK Publication,etc and Nptel IIT web courses
Here books of various subjects are mostly but not necessarily listed in order of preference and relevance, as some topics may need more than one book.

All the best and good luck!

2. vineeth

any one know upto how much gate score PSU’s selected candidates in civil engg?

3. GOPESH

4. T.TRUPTI PRIYA

hello sir
i m doing btech 3rd yr and want to prepare for mtech and i haven’t started my preparation yet.so please tell me to start and which bookscan be used to prepare for mtech.

5. vinaysiddartha

i want some more syllabus

6. ramya

sir… i need books name for preparing gate exams and i am in civil department

1. manish

7. yuvraj

i am persuing b tech from sighania university rajstan.can iappear gate exam

8. mahesh

hello sir i am studient of bacherol in civil engineering last semaster(from nepal ) under the TRIBHUVAN UNIVERSITY. How can i prepared for GATe and plz suggest me which book to prefer for best result

9. pavan

sir,
what is the weightage in gate regarding civil engg.
can u specify any book for gate.

10. bala

it is essential………

11. vamsikrishna

wat is the subject wise weightage for gate(civil)

1. Bala

get free demo in gatedigest.com

12. Moula.R

Dear sir,

Sir i want to knw the best coaching centers for gate in bangalore (for civil engg)

13. jyothsna

your guidance is very nice. may i know the weightage of each subject and also the weightage of subtopics. can you plz give me the information about time consuming topics

14. bharath reddy

sir ,
i would be pleased to know the weightage of each chapter nd could you please let me know the books to follow for gate preparation

15. hariharan

sir,please suggest the books for the gate entrance exam and 3rd year students are eligible for gate exam sir

16. Rajiv

Its very good of you people for providing such a very importnat information. thank you very much 🙂

17. mansi

good info

18. mukesh

sir i am b.tech 1st year civil student of vit college jaipur .i want to prepare for gate exam of civil to get a good college for m.tech so suggest me how can i prepare for it from now.plz sir help me.in waiting of your suggestion.

19. vaiju

sir,
i’m currently doing my B.Tech CSE, 2nd yr. I want to do M.Tech in environmental engineering or something equal to it. Can you tell me any college in chennai that offers this course for cse students? Is gate for civil syllabus the only option? And is there any way i can do it part time with job that i might get in campus placement? N i’m more confused because i’m interested in doing even nuclear engineering, astrophysics and aerospace engineering.

20. saicharan garnepally

sir,may i know the weightage of marks for the topics covered in gate syllabus for CE

21. saicharan garnepally

sir,may i know the weightage of marks for the topics covered in the gate syllabus for CE

22. KUNDAN

sir/mam
plz tell me hw to prepare for GATE without disturbing my B.E. coursre.
also suggest me list of books that i should i refer for better result

23. prajeeth

sir,could i know about the weitage of each unit in the syllabusand books that are prefered

24. SATISH BHONE

Dear sir,
Please tell me which book is very useful to prepare GATE entrance exam

25. musabur rehman

dear sir
please give me the list of book for preparing the get entrance test(civil engg.)

26. Ubaid shafi

Sir what is the method to prepare for gate examination as we are doing our b.tech.

27. vandana choudhary

this is realy very helpful.good service for students.
thanxxxxxx

28. anil kumar

i like ur method

29. anil kumar

thanks

Sir,By watching webside ,i knew that you did lot of effort to launch this webside,plese give an information about the vetage of chapter or subject.Sir i dont have money for joining the verious popular institutes for gate then what should i have to do for prepairing the gate?PLese reply on my email id.
Thank you..!

31. SOUDIP KUNDU

ur supporting system is good……. Students will definitely like the guidence…. Syllabus is also good….

32. rajkamal

sir,may i knw the weitage of topics in CE strem for gate exam

33. Nilakantha Majhi

nice syllabus

34. vikram babar

it is good service to guide students.
your question bank is good and prepaired with great depth