GATE Syllabus

GATE 2021 syllabus – Civil Engineering

GATE 2021 syllabus for Civil Engineering gives you details of the latest GATE syllabus for the subject release by the official gate organizing institute. We also created an easy to use ad-free mobile app for GATE syllabus, previous year papers with keys, gate calculator, virtual calculator, and more. Download iStudy for all GATE preparation needs.

You will also find IIT GATE college predictor, NIT GATE college predictor, GATE score calculator and GATE Exam Info & Stats useful during GATE preparation. Without further due let’s jump into the GATE syllabus for Geology and Geophysics.

GATE syllabus for Civil Engineering (CE)

General Aptitude (Common To All Papers)

Verbal Ability: English grammar, sentence completion, verbal analogies, word groups, instructions, critical reasoning and verbal deduction.

Numerical Ability: Numerical computation, numerical estimation, numerical reasoning and data interpretation.

General Aptitude Sample Questions

Verbal Ability

Choose the appropriate answer to complete the following sentence:

To those of us who had always thought him timid, his _________________came as a surprise.

(A) intrepidity

(B) inevitability

(C) inability

(D) inertness

Choose the appropriate answer to complete the following sentence:

Medicine is to illness as law is to____

(A) discipline

(B) anarchy

(C) treason

(D) etiquette

Read the following paragraph:

The ordinary form of mercury thermometer is used for temperature ranging from -40 degree fahrenheit to 500 degree fahrenheit. For measuring temperature below -40 degree fahrenheit, thermometers filled with alcohol are used. These are, however, not satisfactory for use in high temperatures. When a mercury thermometer is used for temperature above 500 degree fahrenheit, the space above the mercury is filled with some inert gas, usually nitrogen or carbon dioxide, placed in the thermometer under pressure. As the mercury rises, the gas pressures is increased, so that it is possible to use these thermometers for temperatures as high as 1000 degree fahrenheit.

With what, besides mercury, would a thermometer be filled if it was designed to be used for measuring temperature of about 500 degree fahrenheit?

(A) Pyrometer

(B) Inert gas

(C) Iron and brass

(D) Gas

The cost of manufacturing tractors in Korea is twenty percent less than the cost of manufacturing tractors in Germany. Even after transportation fees and import taxes are added, it is still cheaper to import tractors from Korea to Germany than to produce tractors in Germany.

Which of the following assertions is best supported by the above information?

(A) Labour costs in Korea are twenty percent below those in Germany.

(B) Importing tractors into Germany will eliminate twenty percent of the manufacturing jobs in Germany.

(C) The costs of transporting a tractor from Korea to Germany is more than twenty percent of the cost of manufacturing the tractor in Korea.

(D) The import taxes on a tractor imported from Korea to Germany is less than twenty percent of the cost of manufacturing the tractor in Germany.

Numerical Ability

In a survey, 3/16 of the people surveyed told that they preferred to use public transport while commuting daily to office. 5/8 of the people surveyed told that they preferred to use their own vehicles. The remaining 75 respondents said that they had no clear preference. How many people preferred to use public transport?

(A) 75

(B) 100

(C) 125

(D) 133

Section 1: Engineering Mathematics

Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra; Systems of linear equations; Eigen values and Eigen vectors.

Calculus: Functions of single variable; Limit, continuity and differentiability; Mean value theorems, local maxima and minima, Taylor and Maclaurin series; Evaluation of definite and indefinite integrals, application of definite integral to obtain area and volume; Partial derivatives; Total derivative; Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.

Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE): First order (linear and non-linear) equations; higher order linear equations with constant coefficients; Euler-Cauchy equations; Laplace transform and its application in solving linear ODEs; initial and boundary value problems.

Partial Differential Equation (PDE): Fourier series; separation of variables; solutions of onedimensional diffusion equation; first and second order one-dimensional wave equation and twodimensional Laplace equation.

Probability and Statistics: Definitions of probability and sampling theorems; Conditional probability; Discrete Random variables: Poisson and Binomial distributions; Continuous random variables: normal and exponential distributions; Descriptive statistics – Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; Hypothesis testing.

Numerical Methods: Accuracy and precision; error analysis. Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations; Least square approximation, Newton’s and Lagrange polynomials, numerical differentiation, Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, single and multi-step methods for first order differential equations.

Section 2: Structural Engineering

Engineering Mechanics: System of forces, free-body diagrams, equilibrium equations; Internal forces in structures; Friction and its applications; Kinematics of point mass and rigid body; Centre of mass; Euler’s equations of motion; Impulse-momentum; Energy methods; Principles of virtual work.

Solid Mechanics: Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams; Simple stress and strain relationships; Theories of failures; Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, shear centre; Uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses.

Structural Analysis: Statically determinate and indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods; Method of superposition; Analysis of trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames; Displacement methods: Slope deflection and moment distribution methods; Influence lines; Stiffness and flexibility methods of structural analysis.

Construction Materials and Management: Construction Materials: Structural steel – composition, material properties and behaviour ; Concrete – constituents, mix design, short-term and long-term properties; Bricks and mortar; Timber; Bitumen. Construction Management: Types of construction projects; Tendering and construction contracts; Rate analysis and standard specifications; Cost estimation; Project planning and network analysis – PERT and CPM.

Concrete Structures: Working stress, Limit state and Ultimate load design concepts; Design of beams, slabs, columns; Bond and development length; Prestressed concrete; Analysis of beam sections at transfer and service loads.

Steel Structures: Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of tension and compression members, beams and beam- columns, column bases; Connections – simple and eccentric, beam-column connections, plate girders and trusses; Plastic analysis of beams and frames.

Section 3: Geotechnical Engineering

Soil Mechanics: Origin of soils, soil structure and fabric; Three-phase system and phase relationships, index properties; Unified and Indian standard soil classification system; Permeability – one dimensional flow, Darcy’s law; Seepage through soils – two-dimensional flow, flow nets, uplift pressure, piping; Principle of effective stress, capillarity, seepage force and quicksand condition; Compaction in laboratory and field conditions; One- dimensional consolidation, time rate of consolidation; Mohr’s circle, stress paths, effective and total shear strength parameters, characteristics of clays and sand.

Foundation Engineering: Sub-surface investigations – scope, drilling bore holes, sampling, plate load test, standard penetration and cone penetration tests; Earth pressure theories – Rankine and Coulomb; Stability of slopes – finite and infinite slopes, method of slices and Bishop’s method; Stress distribution in soils – Boussinesq’s and Westergaard’s theories, pressure bulbs; Shallow foundations – Terzaghi’s and Meyerhoff’s bearing capacity theories, effect of water table; Combined footing and raft foundation; Contact pressure; Settlement analysis in sands and clays; Deep foundations – types of piles, dynamic and static formulae, load capacity of piles in sands and clays, pile load test, negative skin friction.

Section 4: Water Resources Engineering

Fluid Mechanics: Properties of fluids, fluid statics; Continuity, momentum, energy and corresponding equations; Potential flow, applications of momentum and energy equations; Laminar and turbulent flow; Flow in pipes, pipe networks; Concept of boundary layer and its growth.

Hydraulics: Forces on immersed bodies; Flow measurement in channels and pipes; Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude; Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles; Basics of hydraulic machines, specific speed of pumps and turbines; Channel Hydraulics – Energy-depth relationships, specific energy, critical flow, slope profile, hydraulic jump, uniform flow and gradually varied flow

Hydrology: Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapo-transpiration, watershed, infiltration, unit hydrographs, hydrograph analysis, flood estimation and routing, reservoir capacity, reservoir and channel routing, surface run-off models, ground water hydrology – steady state well hydraulics and aquifers; Application of Darcy’s law.

Irrigation: Duty, delta, estimation of evapo-transpiration; Crop water requirements; Design of lined and unlined canals, head works, gravity dams and spillways; Design of weirs on permeable foundation; Types of irrigation systems, irrigation methods; Water logging and drainage; Canal regulatory works, cross-drainage structures, outlets and escapes.

Section 5: Environmental Engineering

Water and Waste Water: Quality standards, basic unit processes and operations for water treatment. Drinking water standards, water requirements, basic unit operations and unit processes for surface water treatment, distribution of water. Sewage and sewerage treatment, quantity and characteristics of wastewater. Primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of wastewater, effluent discharge standards. Domestic wastewater treatment, quantity of characteristics of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment. Unit operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater, sludge disposal.

Air Pollution: Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution meteorology, air pollution control, air quality standards and limits.

Municipal Solid Wastes: Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal).

Noise Pollution: Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of noise and control of noise pollution.

Section 6: Transportation Engineering

Transportation Infrastructure: Highway alignment and engineering surveys; Geometric design of highways – cross-sectional elements, sight distances, horizontal and vertical alignments; Geometric design of railway track; Airport runway length, taxiway and exit taxiway design.

Highway Pavements: Highway materials – desirable properties and quality control tests; Design of bituminous paving mixes; Design factors for flexible and rigid pavements; Design of flexible pavement using IRC: 37-2012; Design of rigid pavements using IRC: 58-2011; Distresses in concrete pavements.

Traffic Engineering: Traffic studies on flow, speed, travel time – delay and O-D study, PCU, peak hour factor, parking study, accident study and analysis, statistical analysis of traffic data; Microscopic and macroscopic parameters of traffic flow, fundamental relationships; Control devices, signal design by Webster’s method; Types of intersections and channelization; Highway capacity and level of service of rural highways and urban roads.

Section 7: Geomatics Engineering

Principles of surveying; Errors and their adjustment; Maps – scale, coordinate system; Distance and angle measurement – Levelling and trigonometric levelling; Traversing and triangulation survey; Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves. Photogrammetry – scale, flying height; Remote sensing – basics, platform and sensors, visual image interpretation; Basics of Geographical information system (GIS) and Geographical Positioning system (GPS).

InI India has tons of information for M.Tech Admissions in IITs, NITs, IIITs, and other state-level institutes. Do benefit from the content and also share it with your friends. If you want to discuss things with friends do check our communities, All Q&A about GATE Prepration and M.Tech Admissions.

We wish you great luck with GATE preparations.


  1. Mihir

    Hi friends!
    Here is a list of some important study material useful for GATE Civil engineering preparation:

    *Engineering Mathematics: Engineering Mathematics for GATE by Abhinav Goel, Suraj Singh Arihant publication; Gateforum; Made easy; standard books on Engineering Mathematics
    *Strength of Materials: Beer and Johnson; BC Punmia; RS Khurmi; SB Junnarkar; Bhavikatti; RC Hibbeler; RK Bansal; Ramamrutham
    *Structural analysis: RC Hibbeler; CS Reddy; Bhavikatti; Negi and Jangid; Gupta and Pandit; BC Punmia; RS Khurmi; Ramamrutham; SB Junnarkar
    *Steel Structures: IS Codes 800:2007, 875, etc; books N Subramanya; SK Duggal; VL Shah
    *Concrete structures: IS Codes 456, 875,etc; books: BC Punmia; AK Jain; other standard books
    *Geotechnical Engineering: BC Punmia; KR Arora; Terzaghi; BM Das; SK Garg
    *Fluid Mechanics and machines: RK Bansal; AK Jain
    *Hydraulics: Subramanya; Ranga Raju; VT Chow
    *Hydrology: Subramanya; SK Garg; VT Chow
    *Irrigation: SK Garg; PN Modi; VB Priyani
    *Environmental Engineering: BC Punmia; TJ McGhee, EW Steel; Central Govt mannuals
    *Transportation Engineering: Khanna and Justo; Rangwala; Khadiyali; Vazirani and Chandola
    *Surveying: BC Punmia; KR Arora; Kulkarni
    *Solved papers: Ajay Kumar Arihant publication; Made easy; GK publication
    *Some other useful material and test papers: Arihant publication; Gateforum; Ace academy; Made easy; GK Publication,etc and Nptel IIT web courses
    Here books of various subjects are mostly but not necessarily listed in order of preference and relevance, as some topics may need more than one book.

    All the best and good luck!

  2. vineeth

    any one know upto how much gate score PSU’s selected candidates in civil engg?




    hello sir
    i m doing btech 3rd yr and want to prepare for mtech and i haven’t started my preparation please tell me to start and which bookscan be used to prepare for mtech.

  5. vinaysiddartha

    i want some more syllabus

  6. ramya

    sir… i need books name for preparing gate exams and i am in civil department

    1. manish

      Made easy publication

  7. yuvraj

    i am persuing b tech from sighania university rajstan.can iappear gate exam

  8. mahesh

    hello sir i am studient of bacherol in civil engineering last semaster(from nepal ) under the TRIBHUVAN UNIVERSITY. How can i prepared for GATe and plz suggest me which book to prefer for best result

  9. pavan

    what is the weightage in gate regarding civil engg.
    can u specify any book for gate.

  10. bala

    it is essential………

  11. vamsikrishna

    wat is the subject wise weightage for gate(civil)

  12. Moula.R

    Dear sir,

    Sir i want to knw the best coaching centers for gate in bangalore (for civil engg)

  13. jyothsna

    your guidance is very nice. may i know the weightage of each subject and also the weightage of subtopics. can you plz give me the information about time consuming topics

  14. bharath reddy

    sir ,
    i would be pleased to know the weightage of each chapter nd could you please let me know the books to follow for gate preparation

  15. hariharan

    sir,please suggest the books for the gate entrance exam and 3rd year students are eligible for gate exam sir

  16. Rajiv

    Its very good of you people for providing such a very importnat information. thank you very much 🙂

  17. mukesh

    sir i am 1st year civil student of vit college jaipur .i want to prepare for gate exam of civil to get a good college for so suggest me how can i prepare for it from now.plz sir help waiting of your suggestion.

  18. vaiju

    i’m currently doing my B.Tech CSE, 2nd yr. I want to do M.Tech in environmental engineering or something equal to it. Can you tell me any college in chennai that offers this course for cse students? Is gate for civil syllabus the only option? And is there any way i can do it part time with job that i might get in campus placement? N i’m more confused because i’m interested in doing even nuclear engineering, astrophysics and aerospace engineering.

  19. saicharan garnepally

    sir,may i know the weightage of marks for the topics covered in gate syllabus for CE

  20. saicharan garnepally

    sir,may i know the weightage of marks for the topics covered in the gate syllabus for CE

  21. KUNDAN

    plz tell me hw to prepare for GATE without disturbing my B.E. coursre.
    also suggest me list of books that i should i refer for better result

  22. prajeeth

    sir,could i know about the weitage of each unit in the syllabusand books that are prefered


    Dear sir,
    Please tell me which book is very useful to prepare GATE entrance exam

  24. musabur rehman

    dear sir
    please give me the list of book for preparing the get entrance test(civil engg.)

  25. Ubaid shafi

    Sir what is the method to prepare for gate examination as we are doing our

  26. vandana choudhary

    this is realy very helpful.good service for students.

  27. anil kumar

    i like ur method

  28. Shripad

    Sir,By watching webside ,i knew that you did lot of effort to launch this webside,plese give an information about the vetage of chapter or subject.Sir i dont have money for joining the verious popular institutes for gate then what should i have to do for prepairing the gate?PLese reply on my email id.
    Thank you..!


    ur supporting system is good……. Students will definitely like the guidence…. Syllabus is also good….

  30. rajkamal

    sir,may i knw the weitage of topics in CE strem for gate exam

  31. Nilakantha Majhi

    nice syllabus

  32. vikram babar

    it is good service to guide students.
    your question bank is good and prepaired with great depth

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *