GATE Syllabus

GATE Syllabus for Civil Engineering

This post gives latest GATE Syllabus for Civil Engineering. It will be updated if any changes are announced by the GATE organizing institute. This GATE syllabus is a part of GATE Exam info and Preparation Guide. I would also recommend you to refer A set of ‘Must Read’ articles for M.Tech aspirants which I wrote over a year answering questions of M.Tech aspirants.

GATE Syllabus for Civil Engineering is as follows:

General Aptitude (GA)

Verbal Ability: English grammar, sentence completion, verbal analogies, word groups, instructions, critical reasoning and verbal deduction.

Numerical Ability: Numerical computation, numerical estimation, numerical reasoning and data interpretation.

Engineering Mathematics

Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigenvectors.

Calculus: Functions of single variable, Limit, continuity and differentiability, Mean value theorems, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial derivatives, Total derivative, Maxima and minima, Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.

Differential equations: First order equations (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Initial and boundary value problems, Laplace transforms, Solutions of one dimensional heat and wave equations and Laplace equation.

Complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem, Taylor and Laurent series.

Probability and Statistics: Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distributions.

Numerical Methods: Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, single and multi-step methods for differential equations.

Structural Engineering

Mechanics: Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams. Simple stress and strain relationship: Stress and strain in two dimensions, principal stresses, stress transformation, Mohr’s circle. Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, unsymmetrical bending, shear centre. Thin walled pressure vessels, uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses.

Structural Analysis:Analysis of statically determinate trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames, displacements in statically determinate structures and analysis of statically indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods, analysis by displacement methods (slope deflection and moment distribution methods), influence lines for determinate and indeterminate structures. Basic concepts of matrix methods of structural analysis.

Concrete Structures: Concrete Technology- properties of concrete, basics of mix design. Concrete design- basic working stress and limit state design concepts, analysis of ultimate load capacity and design of members subjected to flexure, shear, compression and torsion by limit state methods. Basic elements of prestressed concrete, analysis of beam sections at transfer and service loads.

Steel Structures: Analysis and design of tension and compression members, beams and beam- columns, column bases. Connections- simple and eccentric, beam’column connections, plate girders and trusses. Plastic analysis of beams and frames.

Geotechnical Engineering

Soil Mechanics:Origin of soils, soil classification, three-phase system, fundamental definitions, relationship and interrelationships, permeability & seepage, effective stress principle, consolidation, compaction, shear strength.

Foundation Engineering: Sub-surface investigations- scope, drilling bore holes, sampling, penetration tests, plate load test. Earth pressure theories, effect of water table, layered soils. Stability of slopes-infinite slopes, finite slopes. Foundation types-foundation design requirements. Shallow foundations-bearing capacity, effect of shape, water table and other factors, stress distribution, settlement analysis in sands & clays. Deep foundations pile types, dynamic & static formulae, load capacity of piles in sands & clays, negative skin friction.

Water Resources Engineering

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics: Properties of fluids, principle of conservation of mass, momentum, energy and corresponding equations, potential flow, applications of momentum and Bernoulli’s equation, laminar and turbulent flow, flow in pipes, pipe networks. Concept of boundary layer and its growth. Uniform flow, critical flow and gradually varied flow in channels, specific energy concept, hydraulic jump. Forces on immersed bodies, flow measurements in channels, tanks and pipes. Dimensional analysis and hydraulic modeling. Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles and specific speed of pumps and turbines.

Hydrology: Hydrologic cycle, rainfall, evaporation, infiltration, stage discharge relationships, unit hydrographs, flood estimation, reservoir capacity, reservoir and channel routing. Well hydraulics.

Irrigation: Duty, delta, estimation of evapo-transpiration. Crop water requirements. Design of: lined and unlined canals, waterways, head works, gravity dams and spillways. Design of weirs on permeable foundation. Types of irrigation system, irrigation methods. Water logging and drainage, sodic soils.

Environmental Engineering

Water requirements: Quality standards, basic unit processes and operations for water treatment. Drinking water standards, water requirements, basic unit operations and unit processes for surface water treatment, distribution of water. Sewage and sewerage treatment, quantity and characteristics of wastewater. Primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of wastewater, sludge disposal, effluent discharge standards. Domestic wastewater treatment, quantity of characteristics of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment Unit operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater, sludge disposal.

Air Pollution: Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution meteorology, air pollution control, air quality standards and limits.

Municipal Solid Wastes: Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal).

Noise Pollution: Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of noise and control of noise pollution.

Transportation Engineering

Highway Planning: Geometric design of highways, testing and specifications of paving materials, design of flexible and rigid pavements.

Traffic Engineering: Traffic characteristics, theory of traffic flow, intersection design, traffic signs and signal design, highway capacity.


Importance of surveying, principles and classifications, mapping concepts, coordinate system, map projections, measurements of distance and directions, leveling, theodolite traversing, plane table surveying, errors and adjustments, curves.



  1. Mihir

    Hi friends!
    Here is a list of some important study material useful for GATE Civil engineering preparation:

    *Engineering Mathematics: Engineering Mathematics for GATE by Abhinav Goel, Suraj Singh Arihant publication; Gateforum; Made easy; standard books on Engineering Mathematics
    *Strength of Materials: Beer and Johnson; BC Punmia; RS Khurmi; SB Junnarkar; Bhavikatti; RC Hibbeler; RK Bansal; Ramamrutham
    *Structural analysis: RC Hibbeler; CS Reddy; Bhavikatti; Negi and Jangid; Gupta and Pandit; BC Punmia; RS Khurmi; Ramamrutham; SB Junnarkar
    *Steel Structures: IS Codes 800:2007, 875, etc; books N Subramanya; SK Duggal; VL Shah
    *Concrete structures: IS Codes 456, 875,etc; books: BC Punmia; AK Jain; other standard books
    *Geotechnical Engineering: BC Punmia; KR Arora; Terzaghi; BM Das; SK Garg
    *Fluid Mechanics and machines: RK Bansal; AK Jain
    *Hydraulics: Subramanya; Ranga Raju; VT Chow
    *Hydrology: Subramanya; SK Garg; VT Chow
    *Irrigation: SK Garg; PN Modi; VB Priyani
    *Environmental Engineering: BC Punmia; TJ McGhee, EW Steel; Central Govt mannuals
    *Transportation Engineering: Khanna and Justo; Rangwala; Khadiyali; Vazirani and Chandola
    *Surveying: BC Punmia; KR Arora; Kulkarni
    *Solved papers: Ajay Kumar Arihant publication; Made easy; GK publication
    *Some other useful material and test papers: Arihant publication; Gateforum; Ace academy; Made easy; GK Publication,etc and Nptel IIT web courses
    Here books of various subjects are mostly but not necessarily listed in order of preference and relevance, as some topics may need more than one book.

    All the best and good luck!

  2. vineeth

    any one know upto how much gate score PSU’s selected candidates in civil engg?




    hello sir
    i m doing btech 3rd yr and want to prepare for mtech and i haven’t started my preparation please tell me to start and which bookscan be used to prepare for mtech.

  5. vinaysiddartha

    i want some more syllabus

  6. ramya

    sir… i need books name for preparing gate exams and i am in civil department

    1. manish

      Made easy publication

  7. yuvraj

    i am persuing b tech from sighania university rajstan.can iappear gate exam

  8. mahesh

    hello sir i am studient of bacherol in civil engineering last semaster(from nepal ) under the TRIBHUVAN UNIVERSITY. How can i prepared for GATe and plz suggest me which book to prefer for best result

  9. pavan

    what is the weightage in gate regarding civil engg.
    can u specify any book for gate.

  10. bala

    it is essential………

  11. vamsikrishna

    wat is the subject wise weightage for gate(civil)

  12. Moula.R

    Dear sir,

    Sir i want to knw the best coaching centers for gate in bangalore (for civil engg)

  13. jyothsna

    your guidance is very nice. may i know the weightage of each subject and also the weightage of subtopics. can you plz give me the information about time consuming topics

  14. bharath reddy

    sir ,
    i would be pleased to know the weightage of each chapter nd could you please let me know the books to follow for gate preparation

  15. hariharan

    sir,please suggest the books for the gate entrance exam and 3rd year students are eligible for gate exam sir

  16. Rajiv

    Its very good of you people for providing such a very importnat information. thank you very much 🙂

  17. mukesh

    sir i am 1st year civil student of vit college jaipur .i want to prepare for gate exam of civil to get a good college for so suggest me how can i prepare for it from now.plz sir help waiting of your suggestion.

  18. vaiju

    i’m currently doing my B.Tech CSE, 2nd yr. I want to do M.Tech in environmental engineering or something equal to it. Can you tell me any college in chennai that offers this course for cse students? Is gate for civil syllabus the only option? And is there any way i can do it part time with job that i might get in campus placement? N i’m more confused because i’m interested in doing even nuclear engineering, astrophysics and aerospace engineering.

  19. saicharan garnepally

    sir,may i know the weightage of marks for the topics covered in gate syllabus for CE

  20. saicharan garnepally

    sir,may i know the weightage of marks for the topics covered in the gate syllabus for CE

  21. KUNDAN

    plz tell me hw to prepare for GATE without disturbing my B.E. coursre.
    also suggest me list of books that i should i refer for better result

  22. prajeeth

    sir,could i know about the weitage of each unit in the syllabusand books that are prefered


    Dear sir,
    Please tell me which book is very useful to prepare GATE entrance exam

  24. musabur rehman

    dear sir
    please give me the list of book for preparing the get entrance test(civil engg.)

  25. Ubaid shafi

    Sir what is the method to prepare for gate examination as we are doing our

  26. vandana choudhary

    this is realy very helpful.good service for students.

  27. anil kumar

    i like ur method

  28. anil kumar


  29. Shripad

    Sir,By watching webside ,i knew that you did lot of effort to launch this webside,plese give an information about the vetage of chapter or subject.Sir i dont have money for joining the verious popular institutes for gate then what should i have to do for prepairing the gate?PLese reply on my email id.
    Thank you..!


    ur supporting system is good……. Students will definitely like the guidence…. Syllabus is also good….

  31. rajkamal

    sir,may i knw the weitage of topics in CE strem for gate exam

  32. Nilakantha Majhi

    nice syllabus

  33. vikram babar

    it is good service to guide students.
    your question bank is good and prepaired with great depth

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