GATE Syllabus

GATE Syllabus for Biotechnology

This post gives latest GATE Syllabus for Biotechnology. It will be updated if any changes are announced by the GATE GATE organizing institute. This GATE syllabus is a part of GATE Exam info and Preparation Guide. I would also recommend you to refer A set of ‘Must Read’ articles for M.Tech aspirants which I wrote over a year answering questions of M.Tech aspirants.

GATE Syllabus for Biotechnology is as follows:

General Aptitude (GA)

Verbal Ability: English grammar, sentence completion, verbal analogies, word groups, instructions, critical reasoning and verbal deduction.

Numerical Ability: Numerical computation, numerical estimation, numerical reasoning and data interpretation.

Engineering Mathematics

Linear Algebra: Matrices and determinants, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and Eigen vectors.

Calculus: Limit, continuity and differentiability, Partial derivatives, Maxima and minima, Sequences and series, Test for convergence, Fourier Series.

Differential Equations: Linear and nonlinear first order ODEs, higher order ODEs with constant coefficients, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Laplace transforms, PDE- Laplace, heat and wave equations.

Probability and Statistics: Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Poisson, normal and binomial distributions, Correlation and regression analysis.

Numerical Methods: Solution of linear and nonlinear algebraic equations, Integration of trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, Single and multistep methods for differential equations.

Biotechnology

Microbiology: Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell structure; Microbial nutrition, growth and control; Microbial metabolism (aerobic and anaerobic respiration, photosynthesis); Nitrogen fixation; Chemical basis of mutations and mutagens; Microbial genetics (plasmids, transformation, transduction, conjugation); Microbial diversity and characteristic features; Viruses.

Biochemistry: Biomolecules and their conformation; Ramachandran map; Weak inter-molecular interactions in biomacromolecules; Chemical and functional nature of enzymes; Kinetics of single substrate and bi-substrate enzyme catalyzed reactions; Bioenergetics; Metabolism (Glycolysis, TCA and Oxidative phosphorylation); Membrane transport and pumps; Cell cycle and cell growth control; Cell signaling and signal transduction; Biochemical and biophysical techniques for macromolecular analysis.

Molecular Biology and Genetics: Molecular structure of genes and chromosomes; DNA replication and control; Transcription and its control; Translational processes; Regulatory controls in prokaryotes and eukaryotes; Mendelian inheritance; Gene interaction; Complementation; Linkage, recombination and chromosome mapping; Extrachromosomal inheritance; Chromosomal variation; Population genetics; Transposable elements, Molecular basis of genetic diseases and applications.

Process Biotechnology: Bioprocess technology for the production of cell biomass and primary/secondary metabolites, such as baker’s yeast, ethanol, citric acid, amino acids, exo-polysacharides, antibiotics and pigments etc.; Microbial production, purification and bioprocess application(s) of industrial enzymes; Production and purification of recombinant proteins on a large scale; Chromatographic and membrane based bioseparation methods; Immobilization of enzymes and cells and their application for bioconversion processes. Aerobic and anaerobic biological processes for stabilization of solid / liquid wastes; Bioremediation.

Bioprocess Engineering: Kinetics of microbial growth, substrate utilization and product formation; Simple structured models; Sterilization of air and media; Batch, fed-batch and continuous processes; Aeration and agitation; Mass transfer in bioreactors; Rheology of fermentation fluids; Scale-up concepts; Design of fermentation media; Various types of microbial and enzyme reactors; Instrumentation in bioreactors.

Plant and Animal Biotechnology: Special features and organization of plant cells; Totipotency; Regeneration of plants; Plant products of industrial importance; Biochemistry of major metabolic pathways and products; Autotrophic and heterotrophic growth; Plant growth regulators and elicitors; Cell suspension culture development: methodology, kinetics of growth and production formation, nutrient optimization; Production of secondary metabolites by plant suspension cultures; Hairy root cultures and their cultivation. Techniques in raising transgencies.

Characteristics of animal cells: Metabolism, regulation and nutritional requirements for mass cultivation of animal cell cultures; Kinetics of cell growth and product formation and effect of shear force; Product and substrate transport; Micro & macro-carrier culture; Hybridoma technology; Live stock improvement; Cloning in animals; Genetic engineering in animal cell culture; Animal cell preservation.

Immunology: The origin of immunology; Inherent immunity; Humoral and cell mediated immunity; Primary and secondary lymphoid organ; Antigen; B and T cells and Macrophages; Major histocompatibility complex (MHC); Antigen processing and presentation; Synthesis of antibody and secretion; Molecular basis of antibody diversity; Polyclonal and monoclonal antibody; Complement; Antigen-antibody reaction; Regulation of immune response; Immune tolerance; Hyper sensitivity; Autoimmunity; Graft versus host reaction.

Recombinant DNA Technology: Restriction and modification enzymes; Vectors: plasmid, bacteriophage and other viral vectors, cosmids, Ti plasmid, yeast artificial chromosome; cDNA and genomic DNA library; Gene isolation; Gene cloning; Expression of cloned gene; Transposons and gene targeting; DNA labeling; DNA sequencing; Polymerase chain reactions; DNA fingerprinting; Southern and northern blotting; In-situ hybridization; RAPD; RFLP; Site-directed mutagenesis; Gene transfer technologies; Gene therapy.

Bioinformatics: Major bioinformatics resources (NCBI, EBI, ExPASy); Sequence and structure databases; Sequence analysis (biomolecular sequence file formats, scoring matrices, sequence alignment, phylogeny); Genomics and Proteomics (Large scale genome sequencing strategies; Comparative genomics; Understanding DNA microarrays and protein arrays); Molecular modeling and simulations (basic concepts including concept of force fields).

144 Comments

  1. chandra mohan

    sir can i do MTech biotechnology after doing Bsc.,zoology with biotechnology

  2. munmun chowdhury

    hello sir,
    i am studying btech in biotechnology under wbut..i would like to know that whether i am eligible for doing mtech in chemical engg.if yes, what are the criteria for that and in that case what will be the syllabus for gate?

  3. priya singh

    All Information related to GATE(biotechnology)2012 are available on the website http://www.biofin.net ….rush for your benefits

  4. deepika

    sir,

    i want to prepare well for gate 2012,plz help me to crack it.i have completed b.tech biotechnology with good percentage

  5. ekta

    sir can i apply for both biotechnologgy and lifescience in one application forn

  6. isha

    sir i am persuing b.tech in bioinformatics from amity university jaipur will u teel me gate syllabs for m.tech in bioinformatics its same as biotech syllabs

  7. ganesh ghule

    Hello sir….. I WANT TO INFORMATION ABOUT TOP TEN COLLEGES OF M.TECH (BIOTECHNOLOGY)

  8. reka

    throwing model papers is imp r not

  9. Bindulatha

    Sir gd mrng……. can u send me previous papers……… pls ……..?

  10. amandeep kaur

    please inform me abt phd in biotech

  11. neha

    hello sir ……..
    I am doing B.Sc. biotechnology and little confuse that can i also apply for M.Sc.biotechnology through gate or not .please sir show me the right way.

  12. Richard Mouff

    Hello, I couldn’t find the proper contact form so I hope you don’t mind me writing here. Please contact me immeditely at advertisingwithricky at gmail.com , I would like to send you straight cash to advertise on your website.

  13. PALLABI

    PLZZ GIVE ME THE PREVIOUS YEAR GATE QUESTION PAPERS

  14. fathima mohammad

    hello sir pls send me study materials and some model test papers of gate

  15. RATAN SINGH

    hi sir,

    please send me previous examination papers for all biotech subjects….

  16. shailesh pratap

    sir …. i am pursuing b.tech in biotechnology from nit durgapur.
    sir …. will u plz tell me that, can i do m.tech from chemical ?
    if it is so then what will be the syllabus for ‘GATE’.
    will the syllabus is , what i studying chemical subjects in biotech or it is totally come from chemical engineering ????
    plz reply sir as soon as possible…. thanks..

  17. VENNILA

    SIR,
    I have completed my undergraduation in biotechnology and post graduation in environmental engineering and management. please guide me on which sylabus to choose to pursue my GATE 2012 exam . please do the needful ASAP

  18. subrata das

    please send the study materials for gate biotechnology

  19. sarfraz

    sir plz send me previous year Q paper for biotechnology

  20. sweta

    sir plz send me 2011 entrance question paper of biotechnology n study material for preparation for 2012 for biotechnology

  21. Hema

    Respected Sir,

    I request you to send me previous year papers for B.Tech Biotechnology.And please suggest me for some websites or books for refrence.
    Thank you

  22. Zaishags

    it’s helping a lot for me thanks

  23. Nalini

    sir/madam

    It will be so kind of you, if u send me reference material for GATE biotechnology and some reference question papers.

    thanking you,

  24. SNEHARANI

    hii…sir is dis gate exam only for biotechnology stream or it can be applied to biomedicaland boprocess etc..

  25. Vignesh.N

    Hello Sir,
    The syllabus seems to include everything an undergraduate student studies in Biotechnology, as a four-year course. I would like to get your suggestion, regarding the choice to make on study material, as there lots of books available for each paper like Maths, Cell Biology, Biochem etc. Is there single reference book for GATE?

  26. tejas pandare

    i kindly and urgently requires the date of exams for biotechnology gate and some guidance

  27. bhargavi

    sir,plz send me previous years GATE papers of biotechnology and some model test papers,books to be preferred subject wise and suggest some valuable tips for the preparation of GATE 2012.

    Thank you.

  28. Razia

    Hello Sir,

    Thanku so much for providing this info.

    Plz send me gate syallabus and previous year entrance papers for BIOTECHNOLGY

    Thanks

  29. ajit singh

    hello sir………
    pls send me gate syallabus and previous year entrance papers also for BIOTECHNOLGY

  30. garima pant

    sir,
    plz send me question papers for biotechnology.

  31. Varun

    hello sir,
    m having a doubt..kindly help
    is GATE only for M.tech course or for Ph.D. also?
    as i am pursuing Msc. biotech, m i eligible for GATE 2012 if i want to opt PhD in Biotechnology?

  32. vishal

    which kind of books
    should i refer

  33. Srishti

    sir, i would also like to know if i could use the score card obtained this year for seeking admission for the next year or not since i am a third year student

  34. Srishti

    sir, i would also like to know if i could the score card obtained this cld be used for the next year or not since i am a third year student

  35. Srishti

    plz send me the syllabus for 2012 biotechnology and pattern for examinations and list of top ten colleges offering M.Tech in Biotechnology and the percentile required to make through them

  36. deepika baranwal

    plz guide me through refrence books for all the subjects.

  37. bappa

    i would better like 2 hav info about leading coaching centers of kolkata for bio-technology(class-room program)……..

  38. vipin

    How many question comes from biology and maths respectively in biotechnology?

  39. ramsha

    sir, i would like to go through the model test papers and previous papers….. also if u can suggest me some books to refer to. And please advice me for the preparation.

    Thank you.

    1. kishore

      sir, now i am studing M.SC(INTEGRATED)BIOTECHNOLOGY 2 nd year.so i want prepare for gate exam. please suggest me which books i have to study,and please advice me for the preparation.

      thank you.

  40. pranjal

    hello sir,

    plz snd me some study materials for gate 2012 biotechnology papers…..

  41. aakanksha

    hello sir………
    pls send me gate syallabus and previous year entrance papers also for BIOTECHNOLGY

  42. manoj

    pls……….send me ……….previous year paper and. course material..

  43. nameet

    hi,,,,,,

    i m b pharm student and want to appear for mtech biotech pls tell me whether i can apply or not and i also want to know good books required for prepration

  44. sravani

    hello sir,
    plz suggest good reference book for gate biotecnology,send me previous papers and plz give me any advice to prepar for gate

  45. mayuri

    pls send me the tittle of books which should be refer during GATE biotech 2012 preparation.

  46. usha pandey

    hello sir.
    plz send me some study materials 4 gate 2012 biotechnology papers
    n also some advice regardig tht exm

  47. kirthika

    plz send me the syllabus for gate biotech 2011

  48. debalina

    hello sir.
    plz send me some study materials 4 gate 2012 biotechnology papers
    n also some advice regardig tht exm

  49. b.sandhya

    cann you please send me previous years biotechnology papers along with and also suitable book if available through net or please suggest me good book for reasoning questions in biotechnology

  50. v.sivasankari

    Dear sir,
    Please send me practies papers for GATE Biotech 2011.

  51. kishore.b

    Hi ….i am kishore
    plez send me gate biotech 2011 material.

  52. kishore.b

    Hi! ……………i am kishore .PLZ send me a book names and previous qustn papers of gate biotechnology.

  53. harsha hasija

    hiii
    plz send me previous question papers of gate biotechnology.

  54. ritu saxena

    plz send information related to study material..

  55. ramkumar.p

    i am looking for study material for gate examination 2011.could you please send me the link and study material or any details .

    thank you.

  56. jhanc

    i need some model que papers and reference book to prepare

  57. rahul suryawanshi

    plz send me a book names related to gate biotech.

  58. ravi

    plz send me gate 2010 biotech que.papers..

  59. Tungadri

    It would be a great help if you can send me the study materials and sample question papers for GATE in biotechnology

  60. jaya

    can u pls send me practise papers for gate biotech 2011

  61. saurav mann

    all u ppl need last yr paper 4 biotec can buy a book knw as ””’gate biotechnology 2011””’ of G.K PUBLISHERS it has last 10 yr paperz al da study materialzzzz n al da thingz require 4 da GATE if u hav ne prob can contact m at saurav.imcool@gmail.com

  62. AVNEET KAUR JOHAR

    hi
    please send me previous year papers of biotechnology

  63. sweety

    hi….m sweety want to clear gate exam in 2011 so pls send me last year question papers nd gate syllabus of biotechnology

  64. naimisha

    hiii…
    plz send me previous question papers and study materials to my mail…plz…

  65. Anu Bala

    plz send gate model test papers for biotechnology to my mail anubala514@gmail.com

    with Regards,
    Anu Bala

  66. Naman jain

    i am looking for study material for gate examination 2011.could you please send me the link or any details thanks.

  67. sneha mishra

    hi cld u plz send me d study material n previous years qn papers for gate biotech 2011.plz

  68. hritika

    pls send me the model papers of gate 2011 at dis id…
    hritika_fun@yahoo.co.in

  69. rashmi singh

    HIIIIIIIIIIII,I AM DOING TRAINING IN INMAS(DRDO),new delhi for m.sc biotech.i want to clear a gate exam so, kindly send me last year qeastion paper on my I.D

  70. Yogesh

    Hi, i m preparing for Gate biotech 2011. Plz mail me model papers and study material. Thanx

  71. Niyati Rai

    Plz send me previous year life science paper on my id-rainiyati@gmail.com.

  72. Priyanka

    Hello. I m a final year student.pls snd m d last year question papers

  73. Amol Jawade

    Hi, all of you I am M.Sc. Bt student and i have to clear GATE 2011 so please send me gate study material

  74. karishma

    hey all…
    plz send gate 2011 sample papers n last 10 yrsuestion papers to mah email id plz
    karishma_unexpected@yahoo.com

  75. Priya

    hi i wwish to clear gate 2011 plese send me the previous question papers for Biotechnology life science

  76. ksateesh

    hai
    pls send me gate biotechnology previous question papers to my email add karri_sateesh@yahoo.com

    thanking you

  77. jamal

    hi..i wish to clear gate 2011……………
    plz i fully request u to send study material to my gmail id jd.ansari2007@gmail.com

  78. vinaya zambare

    plz give me all information about biotechnology previous papers

  79. Murugadasan S

    As i’m giong yo appear as biotechnology candidate
    i need few model question papers so send me that to e.mail id plsssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssss

  80. swati bajaj

    hi…. i wish to clear gate 2011…plz i request u to send study material to my gmail id swati.bajaj07@gmail.com….i shall be highly thankful to you….

  81. beeram swetha

    pls send me gate biotechnology previous question papers to my email add swetha.beeram15@gmail.com

    thanking you

    swetha

  82. neha gupta

    pls send me the model papers of gate 2011 at dis id…nehajmr.gupta@gmail.com

  83. surbhi

    Hi every one
    Pls send me gate Biotechnology and life science previous question papers to my email add surbhi.bio@gmail.com
    thanking you
    surbhi

  84. Rohit Garg

    hiii, i m a student of B.tech Biotechnology, i am going to appear GATE 2011 so i request u to send all the information related to it n the study material too…..

    you may send it to gargrohit600@gmal.com n gargrohit600@yahoo.com

  85. neelam choudhary

    hi…… i am a student of 3rd year of b.tech biotechnology and wish to clear gate biotechnology 2011. plz send me anformation regarding this and study material on neelam.baiya@yahoo.com or neelamchoudharybaiya@gmail.com

  86. karthik

    hi . as a B-Tech Biotechnology candidate i am going to appear for GATE 2011 exam, so I am requesting you to kindly send the Gate model papers to this mail id kp2301@gmail.com pleaseeeeeeeeeeeeeee

  87. seema kulkarni

    Please send me model question papers for GATE biotechnology 2011. my e- mail id is seema.kulkarnimsr@gmail.com

  88. seema kulkarni

    Please send me model question papers for GATE 2011. my e- mail id is seema.kulkarnimsr@gmail.com

  89. shakti singh

    hi! everyone
    for de first tim im going to giv gate examination…..and i choosen biotechnology as one of my interest plz i requested you to send som model papers regarding to my sub to my id anchal_lily2007@yahoo.com ! i will be highly thankful to you!

  90. Anshu

    Pls send me the GATE previous years papers.

    Thanks

  91. Shalini

    hi everyone,
    i want to clear gate 2011………….plz send me the study material for the gate examination.
    u can mail me at adishakti_shalini@yahoo.co.in

    with regards

    shalini

  92. deepika sharma

    hi wish to clear d gate2011…………i want ur help i ll b highly thankful to you if u ll provide me the study material for the gate examination u can mail me at dashingdp@yahoo.co.in

  93. vidisha

    hi all
    Plz send gate model paper for 2011 to my mail id avidisha.25@gmail.com
    With regards
    vidisha

  94. vidisha

    plz snd model paper for gate 2011

  95. Shruti

    hiii i in in 4th yr..n is willing to give gate-2011 and qualifying it with a nice score so that i can take admission in a good college for the m.tech in bio-informatics. So plzz mail me all the related information as well as the study material if possible on my id i.e. shruti.mittal26@yahoo.com

  96. soumi banerjee

    i m in 3rd yr biotech. plz mail me previous yrs questn papers 2 my id sonali.banerjee5@gmail.com

  97. soumi banerjee

    i m in 3rd year biotechnology. plz mail me gate2010 biotech papers and study materials 2 my mailid sonali.banerjee5@gmail.com

  98. neha gupta

    plss mail me study material for gate exam for biotech field

  99. vani

    hi.. i am a student of 3rd year of b.tech biotechnology and wish to clear gate biotechnology 2011 .plz send me the necessary information regarding this and the required study material…

  100. priya

    hi plz mail me the study material for gate biotechnology 2011 xam

  101. VISHAL PATEL

    how many percentage is required in b. Sc biotechnology for gate biotechnology 2011 for admission in m. Sc biotechnology

  102. VISHAL PATEL

    please give me a GATE 2011 biotechnology syllabus.thanks

  103. Sumi

    pls can anyone mail me any ebook for preparation of gate? m in 3rd yr. b.tech biotech

  104. VIKAS

    plll send me the study material of maths portion of GATE BIOTECHNOLOGY……….

  105. shruti priya

    i am studying in 3rd in B.E./B.T. and i am an aspirant of gate2011.
    kindly inform me about all the details related to
    it.

  106. Vennela

    Hi,

    I am doing M.Sc Biotechnology. I would like to know I am eligible for M.Tech Biotechnology. If I am eligible, please suggest me How to prpepare for GATE 2011? Thanks,

  107. amanullah amir

    sir i m preparing for gate exam2011 plz provide all the material for gate2011 biotechnology

  108. Rakesh

    Hi… I am into final year of b.tech biotechnology. I want to information and study material regarding to gate biotechnology. Plz send at my account sharma.14gsp@gmail.com

  109. Anshu

    Respect sir
    i am Bsc final year biotechnolgy integrated student of Bsc Msc 5 years biotechnolgy integrated program in univesity of rajasthan
    i want ask u is that can i appare in gate2011 and if i passed in exam can i be able to gat addmission i M tech plz tell me sir

  110. rohit saini

    i want study material for gate 2011, so plz guide me for the same.

  111. Shreelekha

    Hi,can u please mail me study material and also contact number of GATE coaching for BIOTECHNOLOGY in MYSORE….

  112. bhawna

    sir i just completed 2nd year in b.tech-biotechnology. i m preparing for gate exam so i need previous year papers and other study material. so kindly mail me.

  113. priya. k.

    hi…..plz suggest me good reference book for GATE biotechnology 2011…….
    i will b greatl yobliged if u send me soon……..

  114. mehfuz

    hiiiiii this is mehfuz i want all the information regarding the gate b tech bioinformatics plz send at my email account shahmehfuz@gmail.com

  115. nishant

    give me the good coaching classes in chennai ?

  116. piya

    hi plz mail me the study material for gate biotechnology 2011 xam

  117. aishu

    plz mail me gate 2011 study material at aishuk_88@yahoo.co.in

  118. poornima

    i am into third year of btech biotechnology.I wish to clear GATE-BIOTECHNOLOGY so thereby needs all sorts of information regarding this.

    Il be highly obliged if u provide me with the details and study material.

  119. priya

    i m doing b.tech in biotechnology.will you please send me gate syllabus if i want to do m.tech in biotechnology.

  120. hiya

    kindly tell me how to subscribe for updates??

  121. prashant kulkarni

    please mail me gate study material for biotechnology on my email

  122. sindhuri

    hi, i m a final year student of biotechnolgy. i want to prepare for gate. can u pls mail me d study materials nd some of the model papers.
    thank u.

  123. hiya

    i am into third year of btech biotechnology.I wish to clear GATE-BIOTECHNOLOGY so thereby needs all sorts of information regarding this.

    Il be highly obliged if u provide me with the details and study material.

    1. Zahid

      Hiya: I will be updating the study material information soon. Please subscribe for updates by email.

  124. manisha.

    hi! i am microbiologist with m.sc.i want to get admission in IIT BOMBAY for ph.d.
    which subject should i prefer for gate 2011? life sciences or biotechnology?
    please send me study material for your suggested subject.
    thank you!

  125. reena

    can you pl mail me the study materials for gate, B-tech, biotech.. and also the websites which are ready to offer online GATE coaching?

  126. Akanksha

    Hello! I’ll be starting with my 3rd year in B.tech Biotechnology. The syllabus which you have written, bio informatics and immunology; I’ll be studying it in detail in this year only. So that leaves me with an option of giving GATE the next year or would coaching be enough, as I’ve heard that they(coaching centers) just polish you, i.e will go with the syllabus in a hurry!

    Also please could you tell me the list of good coaching centers in Noida or Delhi…
    Thanks..

  127. venkata reddy

    sir,
    I am a 2nd m sc student of biotechnology for the preparation of gate i need free study material and list of websites which are providing the same & links from which i can make my preparation and also how i can get free books for gate (biotech)can u post it to my email id as soon as possible thanks

  128. Rituparna Das

    Can you please send me study materials,names of some important books and syllabus for GATE 2011,Biotechnology as soon as possible to my e-mail address

  129. shiva

    please email me biotech 2011 gate syallbus.Also send me the study materials of gate biotech. please send me as soon as possible

  130. bindhu

    sir,
    I am a final year student of biotechnology for the preparation of gate i need free study material and list of websites which are providing the same & links from which i can make my preparation and also how i can get free books for gate (biotech)can u post it to my email id as soon as possible thanks

  131. Gayatri

    Can u plz send me GATE study material to my e-mail id ? Plz send it as soon as possible. lgayatri.b@gmail.com

  132. Pragya

    please mail me the new GATE2011 syllbus. for biotechnology

  133. kore sukhadev

    i got gate syllabus sequencely which is comfertable to study. thanks for this

  134. reet

    please send me some study material at………

    maan.reetkaur@gmail.com

  135. reet

    please send me the model test paper .

  136. nikshep kapoor

    please email me biotech 2011 gate syallbus.Also send me the study materials of gate biotech. please send me as soon as possible

  137. vijaya lakshmi

    please send me study materials of gate biotechnology to my e.mail address.
    chinnu_06061990@yahoo.com

  138. satish

    plz post gate material 2011 to my site

  139. R.sarvari

    please send me gate 2011biotechnology material to my email id sarvari.reddy@yahoo.com

  140. kusumrathore

    could you plz mail me gate sllybus and study material for biotechnology 2011 on my email

    1. Zahid

      Kusumrathore: I m in process of preparing study material posts for every branch soon. Please subscribe for updates.

  141. rupesh singh

    please mail me gate study material for biotechnology my email address is bond131387@gmail.com

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