GATE Syllabus

GATE 2021 syllabus – Biochemistry (XL-Q)

GATE 2021 syllabus for Biochemistry (XL-Q) gives you details of the latest GATE syllabus for the subject release by the official gate organizing institute IIT Bombay for the year 2021. We also created an easy to use ad-free mobile app for GATE syllabus, previous year papers with keys, gate calculator, virtual calculator, and more. Download iStudy App for all GATE preparation needs.

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GATE 2021 Syllabus – Biochemistry (XL-Q)

Section 1

Organization of life
Importance of water; Structure and function of biomolecules: Amino acids, Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins and Nucleic acids; Protein structure, folding / misfolding and function; Myoglobin, Hemoglobin, Lysozyme, Ribonuclease A, Carboxypeptidase and Chymotrypsin.

Section 2

Enzyme kinetics, regulation and inhibition
Vitamins and Coenzymes; Bioenergetics and metabolism; Generation and utilization of ATP; Metabolic pathways and their regulation: glycolysis, TCA cycle, pentose phosphate pathway, oxidative phosphorylation, gluconeogenesis, glycogen and fatty acid metabolism; Metabolism of Nitrogen containing compounds: nitrogen fixation, amino acids and nucleotides. Photosynthesis, Calvin cycle.

Section 3

Biochemical separation techniques
ion exchange, size exclusion and affinity chromatography, centrifugation; Characterization of biomolecules by electrophoresis; DNA- protein and protein – protein interactions; UV-visible and fluorescence spectroscopy; Mass spectrometry.

Section 4

Cell structure and organelles
Biological membranes; Action potential; Transport across membranes; Membrane assembly and Protein targeting; Signal transduction; Receptor-ligand interaction; Hormones and neurotransmitters.

Section 5

DNA replication, transcription and translation
DNA damage and repair; Biochemical regulation of gene expression; Recombinant DNA technology and applications: PCR, site directed mutagenesis, DNA-microarray; Next generation sequencing; Gene silencing and editing.

Section 6

Immune system
Innate and adaptive; Cell of the immune system; Active and passive immunity; Complement system; Antibody structure, function and diversity; B cell and T Cell receptors; B cell and T cell activation; Major histocompatibilty complex; Immunological techniques: Immunodiffusion, immune-electrophoresis, RIA and ELISA, flow cytometry; monoclonal antibodies and their applications.

GENERAL APTITUDE (Common for all branches)

Verbal Aptitude

Basic English Grammar
Tenses, articles, adjectives, prepositions, conjunctions, verb-noun agreement, and other parts of speech

Basic Vocabulary
Words, idioms, and phrases in context

Reading and Comprehension

Narrative Sequencing

Quantitative Aptitude

Data Interpretation
Data graphs (bar graphs, pie charts, and other graphs representing data), 2- and 3-dimensional plots, maps, and tables

Numerical Computation and Estimation
Ratios, percentages, powers, exponents and logarithms, permutations and combinations, and series

Mensuration and Geometry

Elementary Statistics and Probability

Analytical Aptitude

Deduction and Induction


Numerical Relations and Reasoning

Spatial Aptitude

Transformation of Shapes
Translation, rotation, scaling, mirroring, assembling, and grouping

Paper folding, cutting, and patterns in 2 and 3 dimensions

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  1. benazeer fatma

    hii plz send me msc biochemistry entrance exam syllabus my mail for 2016

  2. Bhuvnesh kumar gahlot

    hi! Sir….
    i m the student of M.Sc. Physics from the HNB Garhwal university…
    i want to knw tht “is M.tch. The best option for me” plz suggest me…nd also tell me abt some books for prepration.


    Hi, im doing M.Sc biochemistrII nd sem. can i eligible for submission of M-Tech form and please give more informatation about reasoning and aptitude question papers on my email

  4. sivakumar

    Hi Sir,
    I’m doing my B.Sc Biochemistry allied with biotech…. what are papers should i study for gate exam…..?
    Please do me reply sir….

  5. jayati

    hi…m doing anybody plz tel me dat m eligible 4 gate or not???if yes den wat subjects shud i take???n wats d scope in future for dis??

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