BT3041: Biotechnological Approach in Crop Improvement syllabus for BioTech 2021 regulation (Professional Elective-VIII)

Biotechnological Approach in Crop Improvement detailed syllabus for Biotechnology (BioTech) for 2021 regulation curriculum has been taken from the Anna Universities official website and presented for the BioTech students. For course code, course name, number of credits for a course and other scheme related information, do visit full semester subjects post given below.

For Biotechnology 6th Sem scheme and its subjects, do visit BioTech 6th Sem 2021 regulation scheme. For Professional Elective-VIII scheme and its subjects refer to BioTech Professional Elective-VIII syllabus scheme. The detailed syllabus of biotechnological approach in crop improvement is as follows.

Course Outcomes:

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Unit I

Features of plant chromosomes: centromere, telomere, euchromatin, heterochromatin and nucleolus organizing region (NOR); karyotype (asymmetric and symmetric). C-value paradox, range of interspecific and intraspecific variation, origin of quantitative DNA variation. Estimation of various components of higher-plant genome: highly repetitive sequences, middle repetitive sequences, and unique DNA sequences. Rice and maize genome sequencing projects; cereal genome databases.

Unit II

Biotechnological approaches for disease resistance, protection against fungal pathogens and drought tolerance. Modification of crop-plant nutritional content (vitamins, amino acids and lipids). Modification of crop-plant taste and appearance (sweetness, starch and preventing discoloration). Polyploidy: induction of polyploidy by artificial methods; role of polyploidy in crop improvement

Unit III

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Unit IV

Construction of molecular maps (using F2, DH, RILs); gene tagging using bulked segregant analysis (BSA) and near isogenic lines (NILs); QTL analysis; map-based cloning of genes; elementary idea of marker-assisted selection (MAS) in plant breeding.

Unit V

cotton, wheat, maize, rice, soybean, oilseeds, sugarcane etc. Commercial releases. Biotechnology applications in male sterility/hybrid breeding, molecularfarming. MOs and related issues (risk and regulations); GMO; International regulations, biosafety issues of GMOs; Regulatory procedures in major countries including India, ethical, legal and social issues; Intellectual property rights. Bioinformatics & Bioinformatics tools. Nanotechnology and its applications in crop improvement programmes.

Text Books:

  1. Abelson, P. H. (1984). Biotechnology and Biological Frontiers. American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, U.S.A.
  2. Ammirato, P. V., Evans, P. V., Evans, D. A., Sharp, W. R. and Yamada, Y. (Eds.) (1984). Handbook of Plant Cell Culture. Vols. 1, 2 & 3. MacMillan Publishing Co, New York.
  3. Dodds, J. H. and Roberts, L. W. (1985). Experiments in Plant Tissue Culture. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  4. Mantell, S. H. and Smith, H. (Eds.) (1983). Plant Biotechnology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  5. Swaminathan, M. S. (1991). Biotechnology in Agriculture – A dialogue. MacMillan India, New Delhi.
  6. Gupta, P. K. (2004). Biotechnology and Genomics. Rastogi Publications, Meerut
  7. Kung, S. and Arntzen, C. J. (Eds.). (1989). Plant Biotechnology. Butterworth, Boston.
  8. Grierson D (Ed.). (1991). Plant Genetic Engineering: Plant Biotechnology Series, Volume I. Blockie, Glasgow, London.

For detailed syllabus of all the other subjects of Biotechnology 6th Sem, visit BioTech 6th Sem subject syllabuses for 2021 regulation.

For all Biotechnology results, visit Anna University BioTech all semester results direct link.

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